Slide 165

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Dec 1830 – BC 37 (D&C 35) indicates that Smith and Rigdon are to create the inspired version of the Bible. BC 37 is attributed to Rigdon.

 Rigdon began work on an inspired translation of the Bible immediately after completing work on The Book of Mormon.  As noted by William Whittsitt, Smith’s Inspired version of the Bible resembled Alexander Campbell’s edition: both documents use the word “Testimony” as titles for the Gospels (for example, “The Gospel of Matthew” becomes “The Testimony of Matthew”), and both dropped use of special pronouns when addressing deity.

Cowdery was the scribe between June and October 1830; he recorded an introductory revelation (Moses 1) and the translation of Genesis 1:1 to Genesis 4:18. John Whitmer was scribe from October until December 1830, recording the translation of Genesis 4:19 to Genesis 5:20.

Rigdon was the scribe from early December 1830 until completion of translation on July 2, 1833. He recorded Genesis 5:21 to the end of the Bible, although others recorded small portions.  The Book of Moses Chapters 2-end was written in Rigdon’s handwriting, and contains his signature beliefs and word usage patterns.

The inspired translation was completed in Ohio, and the manuscript, “sealed up, no more to be opened till it arrived in Zion”. The translation was at first kept secret, and Smith and Rigdon moved to the house of a resident of Hiram township, Portage County, Ohio, thirty miles from Kirtland, in September, 1831, to carry on.  The translation was all in Rigdon’s handwriting. Extended parts of the translation do not differ at all from the King James version. Many of the changes are of little consequence. However, important changes are added in Genesis 50 and Isaiah 29.

Genesis 50 was revised to make it consistent with 2 Ne 3:6.

“So Joseph died, being an hundred and ten years old; and they embalmed him, and he was put in a coffin in Eygpt.” In revise version, additional text is added in which Joseph tells his brethren that a branch of his people shall be carried into a far country and that a seer shall be given to them, “and that seer will I bless, and they that seek to destroy him shall be confounded; for this promise I give unto you; for I will remember you from generation to generation; and his name shall be called Joseph. And he shall have judgment, and shall write the word of the Lord.”

Isaiah 29 was likewise expanded to reference The Book of Mormon:

“And it shall come to pass, that the Lord God shall bring forth unto you the words of a book; and they shall be the words of them which have slumbered. 12. And behold, the book shall be sealed; and in the book shall be a revelation from God, from the beginning of the world to the ending thereof. 13. Wherefore, because of the things which are sealed up, the things which are sealed shall not be delivered in the day of the wickedness and abominations of the people. Wherefore, the book shall be kept from them. 14. But the book shall be delivered unto a man, and he shall deliver the words of the book, which are the words of those who have slumbered in the dust; and he shall deliver these words unto another, but the words that are sealed he shall not deliver, neither shall he deliver the book 15. For the book shall be sealed by the power of God, and the revelation which was sealed shall be kept in the book until the own due time of the Lord, that they may come forth; for, behold, they reveal all things from the foundation of the world unto the end thereof.”

The above is a clear reference to Martin Harris taking a copy of the hieroglyphics to Mitchill and Anthon.

Among the doctrines of the LDS Church that arose from the JST translation process were the building of Zion, patterned after Enoch’s city; the age of accountability of children, with baptism at eight years; the extensive revelation about the degrees of glory and plural marriage (including celestial, eternal marriage); and various items of priesthood organization and responsibility. These and other doctrines were often introduced during the translation process and later developed through subsequent revelations now contained in the Doctrine and Covenants. Revelations in the Doctrine and Covenants received during the translation process are sections 76, 77, 86, and 91, and parts of 107 and 132.