Peter Partner, The Murdered Magicians:

“From its beginnings, which only shortly antedated Ramsay’s intervention in 1736, French Masonry had been patronized by the highest aristocracy; this may have owed something to the Jacobite Scottish peers who had been Grand Masters of some early French lodges. The craft was supposed to have grown from ‘operative’ stonemasons, but in addressing a noble audience Ramsay naturally looked for something more dignified than a lineage of humble British artisans. So he gave Freemasonry a fictitious crusading parentage, suggesting that some medieval Crusaders had been both stoneworkers and knightly warriors.”

“It was Ramsay, in a speech to French Freemasons [‘Apology for the Free and Accepted Masons’], who suggested “that the Freemasons had access to ancient wisdom which was partly biblical in origin, and connected with the Old Testament patriarchs and the builders of the Temple, but which also reflected Egyptian and Greek mysteries, and other hidden secrets of the pagan world….He did not refer to the Masons of crusading times as a class of humble artisans but as ‘religious and warlike princes who wished to enlighten, edify and build up the living Temples of the Most High’…The apparent literalness of his earlier reference to the ‘Temple of Solomon’ has been dropped in favor of a transparent metaphor for nobility of character and aims.”


Sullivan, Robert W. 2011. The Royal Arch of Enoch, Rocket Science Production. Page 62:

“The Royal Arch ritual was first practiced in the soon-to be United States in December 1753 … in Fredericksburg Lodge in Virginia… St. Andrews Royal Arch chapter in Boston Massachusetts also performed the degree in 1769… In the United States, the Royal Arch chapters bestowed four degrees: The Mark Master, Past Master (virtual), Most Excellent Master, and the Royal Arch. These four rituals were developed in the United States by Thomas Smith Webb as outlined in his “Illustrations of Freemasonry” and would come to make up the first four rituals (not counting the three degrees of the Blue Lodge) of the York or American Rite. Webb’s “Illustratations” were based on Henry Franken’s Rite of Perfection ceremononies developed at Albany, New York in 1767. These four degrees were originally conferred by Royal Arch chapters using Blue Lodge rooms up to 1797, when,in Boston, Massachusetts, a convention was held for the purpose of establishing a Grand Chapter of Royal Arch Masons for the Northern States…”

Sullivan, Robert W. 2011. The Royal Arch of Enoch, Rocket Science Production. Page 289. “Royal Arch ceremony refers to Patriarchal, Mosaical, and Prophetical dispensations.”

References to Enoch in the Bible:

“By faith Enoch was translated that he should not see death” (Hebrews 11:5)

“And Cain…builded a city, and called the name of the city, after the name of his son, Enoch” (Genesis 4:17)